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What is contraception medical?


What is contraception medical?

what is contraception medical?

To avoid unplanned pregnancy, or to regulate the number of children and the distance between them, in the family, it is recommended to use one of the recognized methods of contraception. Contraceptive methods are varied; From abstinence to sterilization, there are many options to suit different needs.
Choose an appropriate method of contraception

Childbearing is a decision. The man and woman have the right to choose childbearing, to delay it, or to prevent it completely. That is why we offer you different methods of contraception - some of them are suitable for men, and some are suitable for women. There is no suitable method for everyone, and you must choose the one that is most suitable for both of you, according to the budget, degree, and duration of the desired effect and other factors

Contraception according to potency

Some types of birth control are more effective than others. What works for you may not work for others, and the method that works for both of you may not work for both partners.
This list of methods is arranged from most effective to least effective.

Contraceptive methods according to the degree of their effectiveness

  • Contraceptive pills
  • The condom
  • Abstinence from sex
  • External sex
  • Dismissal or withdrawal
  • Next, arrange the contraceptive methods according to their degree of success - and indicate the percentage of failure.

Very reliable methods of preventing pregnancy

The failure rate of these methods: less than 1%

1- Subcutaneous capsules

  • It is the implantation of a small stick containing the hormone progestin directly under the skin in the woman's arm.
  • It can be maintained for 3-5 years
  • Regularly, this method provides the body with the hormone progestin that prevents pregnancy.
  • This hormone makes cervical mucus thicker, so the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus.
  • Depending on the dose of the hormone, the ovaries may not produce any eggs.

2- Cut the spermatic cord

  • It is sterilization for men.
  • The tubes that carry the sperm are blocked/cut.
  • Even so, a man will still be able to ejaculate normally, but the semen will not contain any sperm to fertilize an egg.
  • This method is a permanent method of contraception - you cannot be the reason for a woman’s pregnancy after a vasectomy and you will not be able to become a father in the future. Therefore, please think carefully before making such a decision.

3- The hormonal IUD

  • It is a small cylinder along the length of a matchstick that is placed inside the uterus.
  • The hormonal IUD will be inserted in place by the doctor.
  • It can be counted for up to five years.
  • It works by giving a steady, low dose of the progestin hormone.
  • This hormone makes cervical mucus thicker, so the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus.
  • Depending on the hormone dose, the ovaries may not produce any eggs.

4- Sterilization of women by connecting tubes

A woman's fallopian tubes are tied or blocked.

These are the tubes that carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

This is a permanent method of contraception - you will no longer produce any eggs, and therefore you will not be able to conceive.

5- The copper IUD

  • It is a small plastic tube in the shape of an anchor that is placed inside the uterus.
  • A coil of copper wire is wrapped around this plastic tube.
  • The copper IUD will be inserted in place by the doctor.
  • It can be counted on for a period ranging between five and ten years.
  • You can also have the IUD inserted as an emergency method of contraception. In this case, he should use another method after unprotected sex, five days at most.

The chance of pregnancy is possible, but low when using these methods

The probability of getting pregnant here ranges from 6% - 12%.

1- The two-hormone contraceptive injection

  • It is an injection that contains two types of hormones; Estrogen and progestin.
  • This injection is given every month.
  • Its function is to stop the release of an egg from the ovary so that pregnancy does not occur.

2- A monohormone injection

  • It is an injection that contains only one hormone, the hormone progestin.
  • This injection is taken every three months.
  • This hormone makes cervical mucus thicker, so the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus.

  • Depending on the dose of the hormone, the ovaries may not produce any eggs.

3- Contraceptive pills

  • Pills to be taken once a day.
  • It contains a mixture of two hormones, estrogen and progestin.
  • Its full name is "Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill".
  • The hormones of these pills prevent the ovaries from producing eggs, which prevents pregnancy.
  • The pill is taken for three weeks, then the woman takes a week's break.
  • There is blood like menstrual blood during menstruation.
  • The pills usually come in packages of 28 pills, and during the week of rest, the woman continues to take the pills that do not contain hormones.

4- Mini contraceptive bob

  • The mini pill is another type of birth control pill.
  • It uses only one hormone, the progestin, instead of two.
  • This is why it is called the "One Hormone Pill".
  • This hormone makes cervical mucus thicker, so the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus.
  • Depending on the hormone dose, the ovaries may not produce any eggs.
  • the way you take it is the same as taking the regular birth control pill.

5- Plaster

  • It is a small piece of tape like a film that can be attached to the skin.
  • A regular supply of the hormones estrogen and progestin pass through the skin into the woman's bloodstream.
  • These hormones prevent the ovaries from producing eggs, which prevents pregnancy.
  • The patch can be changed once a week for three weeks, then take a week break.

6- Contraceptive vaginal ring

  • It is a plastic ring that can be placed inside the vagina.
  • This ring supplies the woman's body with a steady, continuous supply of the hormones estrogen and progestin.
  • These hormones prevent the ovaries from producing eggs, which prevents pregnancy.
  • The ring is about five centimeters in diameter and made of flexible plastic.
  • You can hold it in place at the top of the vagina.
  • Can be counted on for a period of three weeks.
  • Her presence would not interfere with having sex.

6- Breastfeeding

  • If you are breastfeeding your body will not produce any eggs, so you cannot get pregnant.
  • However, this method only works for the first six months after the birth of the baby, as the baby mainly needs your milk.
  • If you decide to rely on breastfeeding as a method of contraception, you should not give the baby any alternatives to milk - such as formula, water, or food.
  • You should also breastfeed every two to four hours, day or night.
  • There is no doubt that breastfeeding affects contraception, but you may regain your fertility at any time.

When using these means, pregnancy occurs in some cases

Failure Rate: From 18% - 21%

1- Condoms

  • It is a rubbery sheath that covers the penis and prevents sperm from reaching the vagina.
  • It looks like a sac shaped like a very thin tube that can expand, with a closed nipple at the end to collect sperm.
  • The condom comes wrapped in a flat, thin film that tears when opened.
  • To apply the condom, the nipple is pinched at the end of the condom to keep the air out, then the condom (condom) is wrapped over the penis until it reaches the bottom.
  • You have to use a new condom every time you have sex.
  • Condoms are one of the most common methods of contraception used.
  • It also protects against many sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV - AIDS.
  • However, it should be noted that it does not protect 100% from sexual diseases because there is a part of the penis that the condom does not cover.

2- The female condom

  • It is a thin, tube-shaped bag made of plastic or rubber.
  • It is placed inside the vagina.
  • At its end, it has a closed rubber ring that fits the size of the vagina, which varies from woman to woman.
  • On the other hand, there is a larger ring that covers the vulva on the outside.
  • When sexual intercourse takes place, the penis enters the condom.
  • A new packaging must be used every time sex is performed.
  • The female condom prevents sperm from entering the vagina, and thus, prevents pregnancy.
  • Female condoms also protect against many sexually transmitted diseases.

The chance of getting pregnant is high when using these methods

Failure rate: more than 21%

1- Cervical cap "without spermicide"

  • It is a covering of rubber or plastic that can cover the cervix, just above the vagina.
  • This cap prevents sperm from reaching the uterus.
  • A woman should undergo a doctor's examination to find the most suitable size for her cervical cap.
  • She can hold the cap in place before having sex.
  • It can be kept for 48 hours after that.
  • In order to work properly, making its effectiveness between 92% - 96%, it can be used with a "spermicide", which is a cream, or vaginal suppository, that kills sperm in the vagina.
  • If you have had children before, the risk of pregnancy is higher with this method.
  • Therefore, the order of this method for those who have previously become pregnant and have children is at the bottom of the list.

2- The sponge

  • It is a sponge that contains spermicide powder.
  • It is inserted just above the vagina until it reaches the cervix.
  • The sponge prevents sperms from reaching the uterus, and at the same time, the sponge kills the sperm.
  • If this method is chosen, a new sponge should be used each time sexual intercourse occurs.
  • These sponges are sold under the brand names "Pharmatex", "Protect Aid" and "Today".
  • If you have had children before, the risk of pregnancy is higher with this method.
  • Therefore, the order of this method for those who have previously become pregnant and have children is at the bottom of the list.

3- Natural contraception, birth control

This method is based on preventing pregnancy by avoiding having full sex on certain days of the month.

These days, women are ovulating and fertility is high.

Other than these days, the egg is not ready for fertilization, making the chances of pregnancy low.

This method is based on the regularity of the menstrual cycle; A late period for any reason or an irregularity makes this completely unsafe method of contraception.

If a woman's menstrual cycle is regular, she can recognize the periods of ovulation, when her fertility is high, and the chances of pregnancy is great, through two methods: monitoring the days of the month and monitoring body symptoms.

With the method of monitoring the days of the month, the days are counted between your periods.

In the last week before menstruation (let's say week 1), and the week after the start of the period (week 2), the woman is less fertile.

At week 3 and 4, fertility is higher, meaning there is a high chance of pregnancy in it.

There are different ways to track the days of the month; From beadwork beads to receiving text messages.

In addition to tracking the days of your menstrual cycle, the body is monitored for signs of ovulation.

This can be done by regularly measuring a woman's body temperature, or by checking the shape and viscosity of the mucus produced by the vagina.

4- Isolation or withdrawal before ejaculation

  • If you choose this method, the man withdraws his penis from the woman's vagina before ejaculation takes place.
  • Pregnancy does not occur because sperms do not enter the vagina.
  • Isolation, or withdrawal, depends on the man knowing the correct timing and control of his ability to ejaculate.
  • It's easy to make the mistake of getting some semen into or out of the vagina. Then, if the error and the ovulation period are encountered in a woman, pregnancy may occur.

5- Spermicide

  • Spermicides, spermicides, are chemicals that kill sperm in the vagina.
  • They come in creams, strips, foaming gels, or suppositories that are inserted deep into the vagina. 
  • They work by stopping the sperm from moving so that it cannot swim through the cervix to fertilize an egg.
  • Spermicides do not work very well as a single, completely reliable method of contraception.
  • Therefore, it is usually used in conjunction with other backup methods of contraception, such as a diaphragm, cervical cap, or condoms

Other methods of contraception

It is difficult to rank these methods in the list of "most or least effective" methods because it is difficult to calculate the failure rate when relying on them to prevent pregnancy.
Being celibate or abstaining from sex
That is, not having sex at all.
Or, at the very least, not have vaginal intercourse until pregnancy does not occur.
Choosing to abstain from sex may not be just a way to avoid pregnancy, but it may be due to social or psychological status, beliefs, or simply, a feeling of being unprepared for sex.
Abstinence may appear to be the best in terms of preventing pregnancy, compared to all of the methods of contraception above.
We might think that his failure rate is zero! But the reality is not that.
Sometimes some people do not succeed in abstaining completely from sexual activity and end up having unplanned sex.
Then, sexual intercourse takes place without the use of any method of contraception, which increases the possibility of pregnancy.

It has therefore been estimated that the failure rate of abstinence from sex is roughly the same as that of condoms - that is, the "average chance of pregnancy" category.

External sex

  • External sex is the practice of love while avoiding vaginal intercourse.
  • The idea of ​​surface sex is to enjoy all kinds of sex available, except inserting the penis into the vagina.
  • Here, too, the success rate is not 100%.
  • The reason is the difficulty of resisting the matter on the ground.
  • Many are drawn to full sex under arousal.
  • Even in the absence of vaginal intercourse, and adherence to the rules of external sex, pregnancy may occur.
  • Ejaculation over or near the vagina may cause pregnancy when sperm leaks into the vagina.
  • Having a few drops of semen on a man's finger, then caressing the vagina, may lead to the same result - pregnancy.
  • The emergency contraceptive pill or the "morning-after" pill
  • It is a contraceptive pill that is taken after sex without using contraception.
  • You can take it, for example, if the condom breaks during sex, forgot to take the pill, or if you have rushed and had sex without using birth control at all.
  • The emergency contraceptive pill gives you a high dose of the hormones found in regular birth control pills.
  • There are two types of emergency contraceptive pills: one that delivers a dose of progestin-only, or one that provides a combination of progestin and estrogen.
  • The emergency contraceptive pill can save you from an unplanned pregnancy if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex.
  • The emergency contraceptive pill, which contains two hormones, may prevent pregnancy if taken within five days of having sex.
  • If pregnancy does occur, then these pills will not have any effect. It will not harm the fetus and will not cause a miscarriage.